The Nymphs

Nymphs listenning to the songs of Orpheus
Nymphs listenning to the songs of Orpheus

Nymphs appear as beautiful young women, but are really mythological nature spirits. They are divided into many types; some are listed below:

  • Dryads (forests)

These nymphs are each born with a certain tree that she watches over and becomes in existence with it. She often lives in a tree in which case she would be called a hamadryad. These nymphs are so protective of trees will definitely punish any mortal for injuring the trees on purpose, or by accident. One Dryad nymph is a gorgeous women named Daphne.

  • Naiads (freshwater springs, rivers, and lakes)

These are one of the three main types of water nymphs. They were divided into many subclasses being- Crinaeae (fountains), Pegaeae (springs), Eleionomae (marshes), Potameides (rivers), and Limnades or Limnatides (lakes).

  • Nereids (the Mediterranean)

The Nereids, being one of the other three main types of water nymphs, served as attendants of the goddess Thetis. They were considered the fifty daughters of Nereus and Doris. Like most other Nymphs, nereids were friendly and helpful to sailors, but could be hostile. Since they are water nymphs, the god Poseidon is also sacred to them.

  • Oceanids (the sea)

These nymphs were the last of the three main types of water nymphs.They were the nymphs of the great ocean and also the daughters of Oceanus and Tethys. One of the most famous Oceanid of over 4,000 was Amphitrite, the Queen of the sea. This beautiful water nymph is married to Poseidon. They have three children, Triton (half-man/half-fish), and two daughters named Rhode and Benthesicyme.

  • Oreads (mountains)

The Oreads get their name from the Greek name oros meaning "mountains". Individual Oreads nymphs are also called by the mountain they occupied.

  • Limoniads (meadows)

They are the sisters of the Limniads and are in similar form to them. Also, they seem to be the cousins of the Dryads. The Limoniads have long grass and grians for hair. They are known to be the most friendly towards mortals and when respected properly by mortals, Limoniads will even got to community festivals, practice friendly realationships, etc.

  • Limniads (swamps, lakes, and marshes)

These nymphs are always dripping with water, and usually have water plants twisted in their hair. Also, their skin is some shade of green. The Limniads are definitely less friendly than their sisters. Even if they feel some what disrespected, they can cause mortals non-stop series of problems. Some of them can be tangled fishing nets, holes in their boats, etc.

  • Napaeas (valleys)

These nymphs are arguably the most human-like of all nymphs even though they have many different types of leaves running from their head down to their back.

  • Pleiades (stars)

They are more likely known as a star cluster, today. In Greek Mythology, Pleiades were the seven daughters of Atlas and Pleione (an ocean nymph).Today, Pleiades are known as the seven sisters named Taygete- "Long-necked", Merope-"Eloquent", "Mortal", and "Bee-eater", Maia- "Mother" and "Nurse", Electra- "Amber", Shining", and "Bright", Celaeno- "Swarthy", Asterope (a.k.a. Sterope)- "Lightning", "Twinkling", and Sun-face", and Alcyone (a.k.a. Halcyone)- "Queen who averts evil storms".

Nymphs live for a very long time, but can eventually die. They can alter from one shape into another, just like gods and goddesses. Women can also be morphed into nymphs.

For more information on all types of nymphs you can visit:


Also, please click the link below to watch a video on the nymphs of Greek mythology:

The Greek Nymphs

By: Danielle D.